MARBLES AND GRANITES. Suggestions for use and maintenance
Marbles, stones and granites are natural materials. The choice and the use of these materials must consider not only the aesthetic significance but also the different technical characteristics that these materials show. Not all the ornamental rocks are suitable for external use or in specific wear conditions: before choosing a marble or a granite for your stairs or your kitchen top make sure that its usage is fully compatible with the expected use.
Also the marbles and granites that are particularly resistant are subject to wear caused by abrasion, scratch or by the contact with substances that penetrate into the pores and stain them. The acid substances (the common lemon juice) can corrode the surface and opacify it.
So let's protect with doormats the access to the floors, never use knives or blades on marble tops, do not put these surfaces in contact with oily, colouring or acid substances.
In case of stains DO NOT USE ALCOHOL, PETROL OR GLASS DETERGENT, instead apply on the stain for approximately 45 minutes, a mixture of solvent (trichloroethylene) chalk powder or talc. Take it off and repeat the operation until the stain disappears.
You can also try by applying a mixture of hot water and extremely basic detergent and let it work for 30 minutes.
The procedure is effective if performed within one hour.
PARQUET FLOOR. Suggestions for use and maintenance
Every kind of wood has different hardness, strength, weight and shrinkage characteristics. When you furnish the house with a 'living' material you need to know that shrinkage or expansion phenomena may occur in connection with the temperature and the air humidity. Therefore, it is recommendable to warm up the environment gradually, to keep a temperature of approximately 20° C and a humidity of about 60%.
Wood, as it is a relatively soft material, can be subjected to deformation if it is exposed to excessive and concentrated loads. Moreover, its colour can change over time and it tends to darken in the areas which are more exposed to the light: it is important to know that the areas covered by carpets or furniture will originate, over time, areas with a lighter colour.
In order to avoid damaging the surface treatment never use acid or abrasive detergents but clean always with a slightly wet cloth. In case of paint treatment, brighten it with proper polish.
CARPET. Suggestions for cleaning the stains
The majority of stains can become permanent if you do not intervene promptly. Using few components you can eliminate the stains from the carpet which were caused by the most common substances that are present in every environment of the house or office. In case of particularly persistent stains you can contact a specialized company that, by using special products, will be able to solve 90% of the problems.
BEFORE STARTING THE STAIN-REMOVAL
In case of liquid stains you will need to remove, with a non-coloured sponge, towel or napkin, the majority of the liquid, while in case of semi-solid or oily stains you will need to take the substance off mechanically by using a spoon or a knife, being careful not to damage the fabric.
Before using any kind of detergent products it is necessary to check the resistance of the carpet colours, by applying the product on a hidden area. It is generally suggested anyway to avoid, unless differently specified by the manufacturer, using bleach-based products that can irreparably discolour or damage the fabric. Some kinds of carpet are subjected to a permanent damage in the presence of hot liquids, natural colouring agents (tea-mustard-coffee) or bleaching agents.
Carpet shampoo-based solution: one spoon per litre of water
Transparent ammonia solution for domestic use: two spoons per litre of water
Vinegar solution: two spoons per litre of water
Stain remover or solvent for dry-cleaning
- Substances: butter, tar, furniture polish, hand cream, foundation, soot, grease, ballpoint pen ink, hair spray, shoe polish, mascara, pencil, felt tip, paint, sauce, nail varnish.
Intervention: apply the stain remover, let it dry, then apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, rinse and dry.
- Substances: starch, chocolate, faeces, cheese, ice cream, ketchup, milk, mayonnaise, soy sauce, dirt, eggs.
Intervention: apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, let it dry, then apply the ammonia solution, let it dry, apply the carpet shampoo-based solution again, let is dry, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: drinks, coffee, cocktails, sweets, fruit, fruit juice, tea, wine.
Intervention: apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, let it dry, then apply the vinegar solution, let it dry, apply the carpet shampoo-based solution again, let it dry, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: indelible ink, cough syrup, vomit.
Intervention: apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, let it dry, then apply the ammonia solution, let it dry, apply the vinegar solution, let it dry, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: fountain pen ink.
Intervention: apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, let it dry, then apply the vinegar solution, let it dry, apply the ammonia solution, let it dry, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: candle wax.
Intervention: harden it with ice cubes, scratch and suck the particles up, apply the stain remover, wait and dry. If necessary repeat the procedure.
- Substances: fresh urine.
Intervention: after having washed it with water, dry it and apply the ammonia solution and then the shampoo solution, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: dry urine.
Intervention: apply the shampoo solution, dry and apply the vinegar solution. After having dried it apply the ammonia solution, let it dry, apply the shampoo solution again, let it dry, then rinse and dry.
- Substances: polishing products.
Intervention: apply a big quantity of denatured alcohol on the stain, let it dry, and then, if necessary, repeat the procedure.
- Substances: blood.
Intervention: apply the carpet shampoo-based solution, let it dry, then apply the ammonia solution, let it dry, apply the shampoo solution again, then rinse with cold water and dry.